Since the start of Russia's invasion of Ukraine, the Polish government has encouraged the European Union to impose a ban on Russian petroleum. This would necessitate the search for alternate sources of supply, which would also apply to Poland, which imports coal, gas, and oil mostly from the East. We investigated where Poland imports raw materials and how they arrive in Poland.

Polish imports Russia
[Warsaw, Poland]

Russia launched an all-out assault on Ukrainian cities and villages with its troops, which is now committing war crimes.

As a result, Poland must shut off the oxygen supply to this conflict; war cannot exist without oxygen. What exactly is this fuel for Putin's war machine? First and foremost, money from oligarchs (from the sale of oil, gas, and other items exported), declared Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki on Thursday.

Since the start of Russia's invasion of Ukraine, the head of government has urged European Union members to impose restrictions on Russian raw materials imports. What does this imply for Poland? How reliant are the Poles on Russian supplies?

Coal. How much do Poland import from Russia?

Poland imports a total of 12,800 thousand tonnes, with 60 percent of that amount coming from the EU. According to statistics from the Polish Academy of Sciences' Institute of Mineral and Energy Economy, it originates in Russia.

Poland mostly uses coking coal (used in metallurgy) and steam coal to heat its houses (CHP plants use domestic coal resources). Experts believe it might be replaced by larger supply, such as those from Kazakhstan, Colombia, and possibly Australia. Today, Poland imports this raw material from there.

Poland coal imports in thousand tonnes

Consumption in Poland: 65,503

Total imports 12 823

Russia: 9,448

Australia: 1,056

Colombia: 902

Kazakhstan: 843

USA: 270

Mozambique: 208

Czech Republic: 78

Others: 18

Petroleum import of Poland (in thousands): 

Russia accounts for around 64% of them. Poland imports crude oil. While the Gdask Naftoport's processing capacity and the Pomeranian oil pipeline's transport capacity allow for a complete changeover to sea deliveries (from outside Russia), a different grade of crude oil from the Persian Gulf or other directions may be a challenge.

Domestic consumption: 25 757

Import: 25 373

Russia: 16,398

Saudi Arabia: 3,873

Kazakhstan: 2,778

Nigeria: 1,551

Norway: 532

Others: 240

Natural Gas Import of Poland (In thousand tonnes): In terms of natural gas, around 60% of the gas originates from Russia. Imported raw materials into Poland What should it be replaced with?

The government anticipates that the Baltic Pipe, a gas transmission pipeline from Norway built at the bottom of the Baltic Sea, will be operational next year. The capacity will be set at 5 billion cubic metres at first. yearly, with a total capacity of 10 billion cubic metres. The extension of the LNG port at Winoujcie is also proceeding, with the goal of increasing liquefied gas supplies. Poland may potentially obtain gas from Western Europe via gas pipelines (mostly via Germany), provided that such gas is accessible in the Western European gas pipeline system. One solution, according to experts, is to transport LNG gas from North Africa to ports in Spain and Italy.

Total consumption: 18 366

Import: 16 510

Russia, Azerbaijan, Central Asian countries: 9,049

Germany: 3 403

Qatar: 2 207

USA: 953

Norway: 330

Other: 569

Previous Post Next Post