A person afflicted with Monkeyvirus in Britain has lately arrived from Nigeria and presumably acquired this illness there. The patient is being treated in a dedicated section at St Thomas' Hospital.

What is monkeypox disease : Symptoms and treatment
Monkeypox/Photo: CDC

Monkeypox Virus

Health experts in the United Kingdom have verified a case of monkeypox virus transmission to people via contaminated organisms such as rats, according to the BBC. The afflicted individual has lately returned from Nigeria, where he or she most likely acquired the virus. The individual who has been infected is being treated in a specialised ward at St Thomas' Hospital in London.

It is an uncommon illness that does not travel readily between individuals, according to the Health Protection Agency of the United Kingdom, and its symptoms are quite moderate as well. The majority of the time, the patient is back to normal within a few weeks. However, in extreme instances, the condition may be life-threatening.

What is Monkeypox disease?

This illness, which is caused by infection with the monkeypox virus and is classified as uncommon by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in the United States, is caused by a rare virus. Monkeypox virus is a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus, which is part of the Poxviridae family.

Globally, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), zoonotic illness is mostly found in tropical rainforest areas of Central and West Africa, with some cases spreading to other parts of the world.

Symptoms of Monkeypox

Fever, rash, severe headache, back pain, muscular pain (myalgia), acute asthenia (loss of energy), and enlarged lymph nodes are the most typical symptoms associated with monkeypox.

According to the World Health Organization, skin eruptions have also been documented in monkeypox patients, which often begin between 1-3 days after the onset of fever. It is more common for the rashes to appear on the face. Moreover, according to the Global Health Agency, it affects the palms and soles of the feet, as well as the mouth, genitalia, conjunctiva, and cornea, among other things. It is also contagious.

According to the World Health Organization, the incubation period for monkeypox (the time between infection and development of symptoms) is generally 6 to 13 days, although it may last anywhere from 5 to 21 days.

How is the disease transmitted to humans ?

Monkeypox, according to the United Kingdom Health Protection Agency (UKHSA), is an uncommon viral illness that does not pass readily between individuals. According to the Centers for Illness Control and Prevention, the sickness was found in 1958, when there were two outbreaks of smallpox-like disease in monkey colonies preserved for study, which gave rise to the disease's name.

The first documented incidence of human transmission occurred in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in 1970, marking 50 years after the virus was discovered. According to the World Health Organization, transmission may occur via direct contact with infected animals' blood, body fluids, or cutaneous or mucosal wounds.

Although the natural reservoir of monkeypox has not yet been established, rodents are most likely a possible risk factor for the disease, since they are known to consume undercooked meat and other animal products from infected livestock.

How can monkeypox be treated ?

According to the World Health Organization, there is presently no approved therapy for monkeypox. It has been discovered that vaccination against smallpox is around 85 percent effective in avoiding the illness. As a result, it recommended that children have a childhood smallpox immunisation in order to avoid severe symptoms of monkeypox.

The natural host of Monkeypox virus

Viruses have been discovered in a variety of animals, including rope squirrels, tree squirrels, dormice, primates, and other mammals.
Previous Post Next Post